恒生股指配资

汉字的演变丰富了书法艺术

2020-02-13 16:26:12 来源:

  汉字是世界四大文明古国唯一传承下来、并依然在使用的文字。据现有史料证明,中国文字早在八千多年前的陶文中出现,到公元前14—11世纪,即殷商时使用的占卜文字甲骨文,已基本成熟并成系统。从甲骨文契刻的形式上看,也已经具备了我们现代所说的书法三要素(笔法、结构、章法)。但总体来讲,文字之初的结构以象形为主,线条也较单一。随着社会发展,人们交往的复杂性和审美要求不断提高,以及使用工具的改进,字体发生了自然演变,形成了多种字体,即现在所说的甲骨文、金文、石鼓文、小篆、隶、楷、行、草。正是这些多样字体才显示了汉字的蓬勃生命力,这种生命力才能承载几千年灿烂的中华文化。同时,也催化了中国书法艺术宝库中丰富多彩、情趣盎然、摇弋多姿、魅力无穷的艺术特征。

  WEISHENMESHUO,HANZIDEYANBIANFENGFULESHUFAYISHU?WOMENKECONGYIXIAJIDIANLAIRENSHI。

作者供图作者供图

  一、汉字的线条变化构成了书法艺术的欣赏主体

恒生股指配资  HANZIDEYANBIANSHIHANZIXIANTIAOGENGJIADUOYANGHUA,SHUXIEFANGSHIGENGQUFUZA。RUHEHUAHAOZHEITIAOXIAN?RUBI、YUNXING、CHUBI,YIJIYOUCICHANSHENGLEYIGEHANZIDEZHENGTI,ZIRANBUSHIJIANDANXIANTIAOERYI。BUTONGDEZITI,DUIZHEIXIEXIANTIAODEYAOQIUDOUSHIBUTONGDE。BUTONGDEGONGJU,BUTONGDEZHIPIN,YEDUIXIANTIAOYOUBUTONGDEYAOQIU。RUJIAGUWEN,YIXIANGXINGZIWEIZHU,JIEGOUYUANSUJIBENSHIZHIXIANYUQUXIANXING,ZHEISHIYINWEIDANGSHISHIYONGDEDAOKEJISHUYUGUIJIADECAILIAODEXIANZHI,XIANTIAOXIANSHIXIERZHILV,SHIWEILEFANGBIANQIKE。DAOLEJINWENJIEDUAN,YIJIAOZHUWEIZHU,XIANTIAOBIANCU。DAOLESHIGUWENJIEDUAN,XIANGXINGXINGYUJINWENBIJIUMINGXIANJIANRUO,DIANHUAYIJINGHUAFANWEIJIAN,XIANTIAOYOUCUXIBUJUNDAITILEJINWENDECUXIANTIAO,XIANTIAODEXINGTAIYIYUANZHUANWEIZHU,YOUSHIFANGZHEYECHUXIANLE,JIEGOUFANFUERBAOMAN。ZHEISHIDEJIETICUOLUODUOBIAN,YIXIANLINGDONGQIUMEIQIQUEZHIFENG,WENZIGENGJIAZHENGQI。JINWENDAOSHIGUWENDEBIANHUA,JIBENDIANDINGLEZHUANTIDEHENGPINGSHUZHI,YUANJINGJUNYUN,CUXIJIBENYIZHI,PINGHENGDUICHENG,SHANGJINXIASONGDETEDIAN。DAOLECHUNQIUZHANGUOSHIQI,SHEHUIDONGLUAN,ZHANZHENGPINFA,ZHUANXINGDEHANZIYIBUSHIYINGXUNJIE、JIANBIANDECHUANDIXUYAO,ZHEISHILISHULICAOCHUXIANLE,HANZIDEXINGTAIYOUYINWEIXIANTIAODEYUNDONGFANGXIANGFANGFABUTONGKUOZHANLE。BUJIU,KAISHU、XINGSHUDOUZHUJIANCHENGSHU,ZHONGHUASHUFAYISHUBAOKUZHONGDECUNLIANGRIYIFENGFU。HANZIXINGTIDEBIANHUA,SHIXIANTIAOYUELAIYUEDUOYANGHUA,BUTONGDEXIANTIAOYUNDONGJIYUWOMENXINDESHIJUEGANSHOU,SHENZHIYECHENGDANQIQINGGANBIANHUAZAITIDEZEREN。XIANTIAODEDUOYANGHUAJIZHIGAN、SHUXINGYETUIJINLESHUFAJIQIAODEGAIJIN,YINCI,YIDAPISHUFALILUNYEYINGYUNERSHENG。RUHANDAIDECUIYUANDE《CAOSHUSHI》,ZHAOYIDE《FEICAOSHU》、CAIYONGDE《BISHI》、WANGXIZHIDE《SHULUN》、ZHANGHUAIJIN《SHUYI》《SHUDUAN》、OUYANGXUNDE《YONGBILUN》,DENGDENG。SHUFALILUNDEBUDUANTUICHU,HAOWUYIWENZHIDAOSHUYIDEKUAISUFAZHAN。

书法课 作者供图书法课 作者供图

  二、汉字的结构变化,令字体、字形丰富多彩。

  HANZIZAIBIANHUAZHONG,ZHUYAODEQUSHISHIYOUFANDAOJIAN,YOUXIANGXINGXINGDAOFUHAOXINGDEBIANHUA。ZHEIXIEBIANHUASHIWOMENZAISHUFASHIJIANZHONGZENGJIALESHUXIENANDU,DANLINGYIFANGMIANQUEZENGJIALEBIAOXIANFANGSHI。SHUXIEDENANDUZECUJINLESHUFAYUNBIJIQIAODETIGAO。XINGTIDEBIANHUA,ZESHISHUFAYISHUDEBIAODAFANGSHIZHANGXIUSHANWU。RU:ZHUANTIBIANWEIKAISHU。ZHUANTIJIBENSHANGWEIDIAN、ZHIXIAN、HUSANZHONGBIHUA;ERKAISHUZEWEIDIAN、HENG、PIE、NA、GOU、ZHE、SHU、TIBAZHONGBIHUA。ZHUANTITEDIANSHI:QUBIHUXIAN、TIZHENGSHIYUAN、JIEGOUPINGWEN、GUPODIANYA;ERKAISHUZEZAIPINGZHENG、YUNCHENG、FEIDONG、CANCHAZHONGQIUFANGZHENG;ZAIZUOYOUSHANGXIAJIEGOUZHONGQUSHI;ZAIJIBAIDANGHEIHEJINGLIYUDONGZHONGQIUMEI。HAOWUYIWEN,ZITIJIEGOUDEBIANHUA,SHISHUFADENEIHANGENGFENGFU,SHUFAJIQIAOYAOQIUGENGGAO,YISHUDEMEILIGENGJIAQIANGLIE。

  DANGRAN,ZITIDEJIEGOUBIANHUASHIDUOFANGMIANDE。PIRU,YOUFANDAOJIAN,CONGRENZHIJIAODUKAN,HUISHIZIXINGDEXIANGXINGXINGJIANRUO,FUHAOXINGBIANQIANG,BULIYUDUDONGZIYI。DANCONGSHUFAJIAODUKAN,FANJIANYIRANCUNZAI,ZHEIJIUWEIXIEZHEZENGJIALEBIAODAZIYIDEKENENGSHOUDUAN。RU,XIANDAIHANZI“CHEN”,ZAIJIAGUWENSHIWEI“TU”SHANGJIASANGE“LU”,HOULAIJIANHUAWEI“CHEN”;JIZHONGDE“JI”,ZAIJIAGUWENSHIWEISHANGBUSANGE“ZHUI”(“ZHUI”WEIDUANWEINIAO),XIABU“MU”,XIANDAIHANZIWEI“JI”,JIYIZHIDUANWEINIAOJIAMU。ZHEIJIUWEIWOMENZAISHUFABIAOYIZHONGZENGJIALESHIYONGDEKUANDU。YINWEIZHEIXIEFAN、JIANZISHIBUTONGXING,QUETONGYI,ZAISHUXIEBIAOXIANSHANGBUYINGXIANGYISIDEBIAODA,QUEBIMIANLEDANDIAOLEITONG。KEYISHUO,JIEGOUDEBIANHUA,ZENGJIABIHUADEMOSHI,DANTONGSHIYEZENGJIALESHUFABIAOXIANLI。

恒生股指配资  HANZIDEJIEGOUBIANHUA,HAIZAISHUFAZHONGHAIBIAOXIANWEIYITIZIDEYUNYONG。YITIZIZAIGUDAICHENGZHIWEI“ZHONGWEN”、“HUOTI”,SHIZHIYINTONGYITONG,ERXINGTIBUTONG,KEZAIRENHEQINGKUANGXIAXIANGHUTIDAIDEYIZUZI。ZAIMINGCHAOHAOGUXUANBODESHIHOU,SHUFAJIACHANGCHANGYONGSHUXIEYITIZILAIBIAOBANGZIJIDEXUESHI、WENZIGONGDI、WENXUEXIUYANG。DANZHEIZHONGYITIZIYUNYONGDUISHUFAZUOPINZHONGDEXINGSHI、BIFAQUECHANSHENGLEJIJIYINGXIANG。WANMINGSHIQI,WANGDUODESHUFAYISHUZHONGDEYITIZIYUNYONGQUESHIZENGTIANLEZUOPINDEFENGFUXING、KONGJIANZHANGFASHANGDETONGYIXINGYIJISHUFACHUANGZUODECHUANGXINXINGDENG。

  三、汉字中的正体与俗体的交错,使笔法的模式及书写方式越来越多,使书法艺术更接地气,天地更广阔。

  HANZIZAISHUQIANDUONIANDEYANBIANZHONG,CONGXINGTISHANGKAN,JIBENKEGAIKUOWEI“ZIRANLIUBIAN”YU“QUANLIGAIGE”。“ZIRANYANBIAN”,JIJIAGUWENZUICHUWENZIJINGGUOJILIEDESHEHUIBIANQIAN,ZIRANERRANYANBIANCHENGLEJINWEN、SHIGUWEN、XIAOZHUAN、LI、KAI、XINGCAO。“QUANLIGAIGE”,JITONGGUOZHENGQUANLILIANGGAIBIAN,RUQINSHIHUANGTONGYIQIGUO,JIANGBUTONGZIXINGTONGYIWEIXIAOZHUAN,SUOWEI“SHUTONGWEN”。YOURU,MINGQINGKAISHIDEGUIFANWENZI、JIANGUOHOUDEJIANHUAZI,YIJIRUHEGUIFANHANZITONGYISHIYONGBIAOZHUN。ZHEILIANGZHONGBIANHUAGEYOUTEDIAN,QUANLIGAIGEYIBANSHIFEILIANXUXINGDE,JULIEDE,DUANSHIQINEIWANCHENGDE。ERZIRANLIUBIANZESHILIANXUDE,HUANMANDE,ZHANGQIDE。

恒生股指配资  WOZHEILIZHUYAOJIANGYIXIAHANZIZIRANLIUBIANDUISHUFAYISHUDEYINGXIANG,YEKEYISHUOSHIZHENGTIYUSUTIDEBIXIAOCIZHANG、JIAOTIYANBIAN,ZHEIBIAOXIANZAIDUOFANGMIAN。RU,YITIZI、FANJIANCANCHA、SHENGJIAN、YIHUA、ECHUAN、ZHUANGSHI、BIHUABIANYI、XINGTIZHANLIAN、HETIDENGDENGBIANHUA。ZAIZHEIXIEGUOCHENGZHONG,XINDEZITIDAITIJIUDEZITI,CONGERXIAOCHULEBUFENSUZI。XINDEZITIZAIMINJIANYOUJIANHUA、CAOHUA、KUAIXIE、SUIBIANXIE,YOUCHANSHENGLEXINDESUZI。ZHEIXIEZIRANLIUBIAN,CONGHANZIXUEJIAODUJIANG,QUESHIZENGJIALERENZHIDEFUZAXING,DANCONGSHUFAYISHUJIAODUQUERANGSHUJIAZENGJIALEXUANZEYUNYONGDEKUANDU,YIXIEMINJIANDEZIYOUFAHUIWANGWANGWEISHUFAYISHUZENGJIALEHENDUOQINGQU。RUYIXIEFENGJINGQU,YONGSHENGJIANZIXIEDE“CHONGER”,QISHISHIFENG(FENG)YUYUEDESHENGXIE,YICIBIAODA“FENGYUEWUBIAN”,SHIYOUKEDUNSHENGKUAIYI;YOURUYITIZIFENGYUFENG、QUNYUQUN;YOURUYUNZHONGHUOYIHUAWEISHI、RANZHONGDESIDIANQISHIYOUHUOYIHUAERLAI,ZHEIXIETONGYIYIXINGDEZIHUYONGHUOJIEYONGKESHIZHANGFABUJUGENGJIAQICHANG、HEXIE、HUOYUE。

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